Brazil and Japan report first cases of omicron variant

By Carla K. Johnson, The Associated Press November 30, 2021.

Passengers line up to receive a quarantine test upon arrival at Kansai International Airport in Osaka, western Japan on Tuesday, November 30, 2021. Japan on Tuesday confirmed its first case of the new variant of the omicron coronavirus, a recent visitor from Namibia, an official said. (Yukie Nishizawa / Kyodo News via AP)

BRUSSELS (AP) – Brazil and Japan joined the circle of rapidly expanding countries to report cases of the omicron variant on Tuesday, while new findings indicate that the mutant coronavirus was already in Europe nearly a week before the South Africa is not sounding the alarm bells.

The RIVM health institute in the Netherlands has revealed that patient samples dating from November 19 and 23 contained the variant. South African authorities reported the existence of the highly mutated virus to the World Health Organization on November 24.

This indicates that omicron was further ahead in the Netherlands than previously believed.

Along with the cases in Japan and Brazil, the discovery illustrates the difficulty of containing the virus in an age of air travel and economic globalization. And it has left the world once again in a saw-tooth situation between hopes of a return to normal and fears that the worst is yet to come.

The pandemic has repeatedly shown that the virus is “moving fast because of our globalized and interconnected world” ?? said Dr Albert Ko, infectious disease specialist at the Yale School of Public Health. Omicron demonstrates that until the vaccination campaign reaches all countries, “we’re going to be in this situation again and again.

Brazil, which has recorded a staggering total of more than 600,000 deaths from COVID-19, reported finding the variant in two travelers returning from South Africa – the first known cases of omicron in Latin America. The travelers were tested on November 25, authorities said.

Japan also announced its first case, the same day the country enacted the ban on all foreign visitors. The patient has been identified as a Namibian diplomat recently arrived from his native country.

France also recorded its first case, in the remote island territory of Reunion in the Indian Ocean. Authorities said the patient was a man who returned to Réunion from South Africa and Mozambique on November 20.

Much remains unknown about the new variant, including whether it is more contagious, as some health officials suspect, whether it makes people more seriously ill, and whether it can thwart the vaccine.

But a WHO official said given the growing number of omicron cases in South Africa and neighboring Botswana, parts of southern Africa could soon see a sharp rise in infections.

“It is possible that we will really see a doubling or tripling of the number of cases as we go along or as the week progresses,” said Dr Nicksy Gumede-Moeletsi, WHO regional virologist. .

Cases began to increase rapidly in mid-November in South Africa, which now records nearly 3,000 new confirmed infections per day.

As of Tuesday, 44 cases of omicron were reported in 11 countries in the European Union, the EU’s European Center for Disease Prevention and Control said, adding that the majority involved travel to Africa. Outside the EU and southern Africa, omicron infections have appeared in places such as Australia, Canada, Britain and Israel.

U.S. disease trackers have said omicron may already be in the United States and will likely be detected soon.

“I expect it overnight”? ? said Scott Becker of the Association of Public Health Laboratories. “We expect him to be here.” ??

While the variant was first identified by South African researchers, it is unclear exactly where and when it originated, information that could help shed light on the speed at which it is spreading.

The Dutch announcement on Tuesday could shape that timeline.

Earlier, the Netherlands said it found the variant among passengers arriving from South Africa on Friday, the same day the Netherlands and other EU members began imposing flight bans and d other restrictions in southern Africa. But the newly identified cases predate that.

NOS, the Dutch public broadcaster, said one of the two omicron samples came from a person who had been to southern Africa.

Belgium has reported a case involving a traveler who returned to the country from Egypt on November 11 but did not become ill with mild symptoms until November 22.

Many health officials have tried to allay fears, insisting that vaccines remain the best defense and that the world must redouble its efforts to get all parts of the world vaccinated.

Emer Cooke, head of the European Medicines Agency, said the 27-country EU is well prepared for the variant and the vaccine could be adapted for use against omicron within three or four months if needed.

England has responded to the emerging threat by again making face covering mandatory on public transport and in shops, banks and hairdressers. And a month before Christmas, the head of Britain’s Health Security Agency urged people not to socialize if they don’t need to.

After COVID-19 resulted in a one-year postponement of the Summer Games, Olympic organizers began to worry about the February Winter Games in Beijing. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian said omicron “will certainly bring challenges in terms of prevention and control.”

The world markets have oscillated with each medical news, whether it is worrying or reassuring. Stocks fell on Wall Street amid virus fears as well as concerns about the Federal Reserve’s continued efforts to support markets.

Some analysts believe that a severe economic downturn will likely be avoided because so many people have been vaccinated. But they also believe the return to pre-pandemic levels of economic activity, especially in tourism, has been significantly delayed.


PA journalists from around the world contributed.


Follow AP’s coverage of the coronavirus pandemic on